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Avitaminosis: Vitamin Deficiency – Step to Health

In short, avitaminosis is deficient in the amount of vitamins in the body. for example hypovitaminosis (Vitamin D deficiency) is common in humans. Vitamins are vital for the body. However, it is not as easy as you think to provide your body with the amount of vitamins you need to take during the day. If you do not have a diet that includes all food groups, you cannot supply all the vitamins you need to your body. In such a situation, avitaminosis can affect your health.

Avitaminosis: Causes

After all, if we compare it with our protein and carbohydrate needs, the amount of vitamins our body needs is actually extremely low. However, most people cannot provide the vitamins they need to their body.

green pill on empty plate
Restricted diets that do not include certain food groups can cause avitaminosis.

Restricted diets without essential nutrients can cause avitaminosis. Such diets cannot provide your body with the minimum amount of vitamins you need to take. We are not talking about conscious diets that are applied only for weight loss. People may not get the nutrients they need as a result of famine, drought, military or migration movements.

However, the vitamin deficiency mentioned in this article is more commonly caused by one’s own limitations; For example, restricted diets created by eliminating important food groups without the help of a professional are examples. Besides, Malnutrition habits that continue consciously for a long time also result in vitamin deficiencies.


Avitaminosis and increased nutritional needs

For example, due to breastfeeding, a lack of nutrients and vitamins can occur in a person’s body. In addition, going through a rapid physical development stage or doing very intense physical exercise and activity may cause this situation. In such a situation, even if you eat as much as before, you may have a lack of vitamins and nutrients. Because in some cases, you may need to take higher amounts of vitamins and nutrients than usual.

Increased vitamin losses

This can become a problem if you take less vitamins than you should in your body for a long time. Also, such as celiac disease, inflammatory bowel diseases, or food intolerance Vitamin loss is very common in health conditions accompanied by chronic diarrhea.

To smoke

According to a study published in the Journal of American Public Health, smoking reduces the amount of vitamin C in the body. So if you smoke, increase your vitamin C consumption.

Avitaminosis and alcohol addiction

According to a study published in the International Journal of Vitamin and Nutrition Research, patients with chronic alcohol problems are malnourished. This situation is mentioned for two main reasons. First of all, such addicts are not fed enough and are deprived of vital nutrients. On the other hand, alcohol consumption prevents the digestive system from working properly and vitamins cannot be absorbed by the body.


Vitamins generally initiate and stimulate all the biochemical activities that the body needs for life and health. Therefore, vitamins are much more important than you can imagine.

In general, we can divide 13 essential vitamins into two separate groups:

  • Water-soluble vitamins: These are vitamins that you need to take into your body every day because you consume them almost immediately.
  • Vitamins that are insoluble in water or fat-soluble: They are water-insoluble or fat-soluble vitamins that your body stores for weeks or months.

In order to better understand these types of vitamins, we will briefly take a look at what might occur if each vitamin type is deficient.

Lack of water-soluble vitamins

different fruits and avitaminosis in the plate
The lack of vitamin C or other water-soluble vitamins can cause many different diseases that will affect your quality of life.
  • Ascorbic acid or vitamin C deficiencycan cause changes in your skin, mouth, and hair health (increased hair breaks). In addition, vitamin C deficiency can cause scurvy.
  • Deficiency of thiazin or vitamin B1can cause any health problems. For example, neurological, cardiovascular (cardiovascular) or psychiatric disorders may occur. In addition, Wernicke encephalopathy and Korsakoff syndrome are among the diseases that occur due to thiazine deficiency.
  • Riboflavin or vitamin B2 deficiencyespecially acts on the mucous membranes in the mouth and eyes. Lack of this vitamin can cause tongue swelling, dry eyes, and constant living.
  • Niacin or vitamin B3 deficiencymostly affects your digestive system and skin. Moreover, a deficiency of this vitamin can cause dementia and lead to a skin disease called pelegra.
  • Pantothenic acid or vitamin B5 deficiencycan cause problems in the skin, digestive system and nervous system.
  • Pyridoxine or vitamin B6 deficiency, It can cause anemia, neurological problems, nervous and digestive system problems.
  • Folic acid or vitamin B9 deficiency can also cause various problems in the body. Deficiency of this vitamin can lead to megaloblastic anemia. In addition, vitamin B9 deficiency is extremely necessary for the fetus to develop properly.
  • Biotin or vitamin B8 deficiency it can cause seizures, baldness, eczema, and delayed psychomotor development.
  • Cobalamin or vitamin B12 deficiencycan cause pernicious anemia, nervous and muscular system problems, or blood-related problems.


Deficiencies of fat-soluble vitamins

  • Vitamin A It is extremely important for your eyesight. That’s why a lack of vitamin A can cause night blindness. Also, a deficiency of this vitamin can cause your immune system to weaken.
  • Vitamin D is very important for the health of your bones and reduces the risk of injury. Vitamin D deficiency is the most common vitamin deficiency.
  • Vitamin K deficiency can cause hemorrhagic diseases in newborn babies.
  • Vitamin E deficiency can lead to emolytic anemia and neurological problems.

If you are experiencing any of the shortcomings mentioned above, you should visit your doctor. To eliminate vitamin deficiency, you need to adopt a healthy and balanced diet that includes all food groups. In addition, if you are unable to provide the amount of vitamins your body needs with food, you may consider taking supplements from the outside. Consult your doctor to find out the best option for you.

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