People suffering from kidney failure, especially if kidney failure is in chronic form, to stay healthy and the kidney cannot filter In order to reduce the accumulation of toxic substances, it should make some changes in nutrition. In this article, we will talk about everything you need to know about nutrition and kidney failure.
Nutrition and Kidney Failure
Protein-calorie malnutrition is common in patients with chronic kidney failure. It is also a good predictor of mortality and disease rates. Therefore, Meeting the nutritional needs of patients with kidney failure is important to prevent malnutrition.
First of all, you should know that this disease has different degrees. There are different stages such as acute kidney failure, chronic kidney failure and renal replacement therapy (hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis). In this article we will share with you general nutritional guidelines for this disease that should be followed. However, these guidelines should be adapted to the patient’s condition.
You may also be interested in this article: 7 Signs You Need to Know About Kidney Failure
Diet and Kidney Failure
The nutritional order to follow in case of kidney failure is strict because these patients have to limit their consumption of a few food groups or completely abandon them. But, if the patient is constantly on dialysis, then the diet is not so restrictive.
Check Your Protein Amount
Limiting the amount of protein consumed by someone with moderate renal impairment slows the progression of the disease. Although protein is a substance that works kidneys, all people need to consume protein. Today, experts recommend low-protein diets if the patient is not on dialysis. In other words, on a daily basis, 0.8 grams per person’s weight (60% of the high biological value). If the patient is on dialysis, then he will need more protein.
Reduce Your Potassium and Phosphorus Intake
If potassium accumulates in your blood, this increases the risk of heart abnormalities. Tubbi professionals should pay attention to potassium levels in plasma.
Same time, Continuously high levels of phosphorus in the blood affects bones considerably. Protein restriction also represents a reduction in phosphorus. Therefore, it is important to limit your phosphorus consumption if you have kidney problems and your doctor recommends.
Make Sure You Take The Calcium And Vitamin D Correctly
Typically Due to the decrease in vitamin D, there will be a calcium deficiency in absorption in the intestine. Vitamin D supplements should be taken for this because a deficiency in this vitamin can cause atherosclerosis, endothelial dysfunction or ventricular hypertrophy. NephrologyIn a study published in, experts suggest that vitamin D supplement also has a vascular benefit, so supplementing this vitamin is a good idea for people with kidney problems.
Check Your Salt Consumption
One of the other factors to consider when it comes to nutrition and kidney failure is controlling your sodium consumption. This is because sodium is the promotion of the retention of fluids that the kidney cannot filter. If the patient is not a hypertensive patient, he can only consume salt from 1000 to 2000 mg per day.
Limit Your Liquid Consumption
If the patient is on dialysis they should pay attention to their fluid consumption because people who receive this treatment often do not urinate frequently. Because of this, if the person cannot drink too much liquid and throw it away, it can accumulate in the ankles, and even in the lungs and heart. In addition, patients are recommended to weigh themselves on the same scale each time, so they can be sure that they do not gain weight during their dialysis sessions.
Nutrition Related Keys When Experiencing Kidney Failure
It is important to keep in mind the key nutritional information below, so you can follow the guidelines outlined above. But, it would be best to consult your doctor or nutritionist directly, because they can give you advice based on your individual needs.
- Consumption of proteins in meat, fish, dairy products and eggs must be tailored for each patient.
- In addition, patients Legumes, vegetables, fruits, nuts and cocoa should also keep their consumption under control. This is because these foods contain too much potassium. Patients should do this to avoid experiencing hyperkalaemia.
- People with kidney problems should keep these foods in water for three hours before cooking when they consume vegetables, legumes or potatoes. Then they should boil these foods several times and pour boiling water every time. In addition, it is best to saute these foods after the water ratio is reduced.
- Another method of eating vegetables is to eat vegetables frozen. They can also eat canned or cooked fruit (up to twice a day).
- In addition, it is better to eat toast, because it contains less water.
- But, patients should limit their consumption of whole grains, because these foods are rich in phosphorus and potassium.
- Patients, even if they are artificially sweetened should also avoid soft drinks. This is because these drinks do not properly eliminate the feeling of thirst. Also, this type of beverage is typically not very healthy.
- patients over-processed foods, instant soup or purees, sausage, smoked meat and fish and they should not consume packaged snacks so that they can follow a low salt diet.
- Patients should consume full-fat dairy products in a controlled manner due to the amount of phosphorus they contain.
As a result
As you can see, Patients with kidney failure must follow a strict diet. If you are suffering from kidney problems, do not hesitate to visit a specialist who can arrange your diet and treatment according to your needs.